Los prestamistas: por qué las ciudades de Finlandia son refugios para los amantes de la biblioteca

    Helsinkis biblioteca del estado de la técnica Oodi se mantendrá el parlamento opuesta y cuentan con una sala de cine, estudio de grabación y makerspace. Es un ajuste perfecto para una nación alfabetizada teniendo aprendizaje público al siguiente nivel

    UN tarjeta de la biblioteca fue el primero que era mío, que había tenido nunca, dice Nasima Razmyar. La hija de un ex diplomático afgano, Razmyar llegó a Finlandia con su familia en 1992 como refugiado huyendo de la inestabilidad política. Incapaz de hablar el idioma, con escasos recursos, y tratando de dar sentido a la nueva ciudad extraña se encontró en, se sorprendió al descubrir que tenía derecho a una tarjeta de biblioteca que otorgaría sus libros de forma gratuita. Su apreciación del privilegio no se ha desvanecido: Todavía tengo que tarjeta de la biblioteca en mi billetera hoy, , dice con orgullo.

    Hoy, Razmyar es vicealcalde de Helsinki, y listo para defender la institución que ha dado tanto a partir de la construcción de Oodi, el lugar de interés nueva biblioteca central, que abrirá sus puertas en diciembre. Ella no está sola en su pasión por las bibliotecas. Finlandia es un país de lectores, declarado los Paises Reino Unido embajador Pivi Luostarinen recientemente, y es difícil de discutir con ella. En 2016 la ONU llamado Finlandia los mundos nación más culta, y finlandeses están entre los mundos la mayoría de los usuarios entusiastas de las bibliotecas públicas de los Paises 5,5 millones de millones de personas se endeudan cerca de 68m libros al año.

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    • Revolucionando los artistas de la biblioteca impresiones del diseño para Oodi, incluso (agujas del reloj): el exterior, la zona infantil del piso superior y el estudio de grabación

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    In recognition of that fact, at a time when libraries worldwide are facing budget cuts, a decline in users and closure, Finland is bucking the trend. According to local authority figures from 2016, the UK spends just 14.40 per head on libraries. By contrast, Finland spends 50.50 per inhabitant. Mientras mas que 478 libraries have closed in cities and towns across England, Wales and Scotland since 2010, Helsinki is spending 98m creating an enormous new one. Not content with merely building a library, the Finns have gone public with their passion: Mind-building, the Finnish pavilion at this years Venice architecture biennale, is a love letter to the nations literary landmarks.

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    • Helsinkis Rikhardinkatu Library opened in 1882 and was the first building in the Nordic countries to be built as a library. This picture shows the reading room in 1924. Fotografía: Eric Sundstrm Helsinki City Museum

    Its also not hard to see why Finlands city libraries are so heavily used: 84% of the countrys population is urban, and given the often harsh climate, libraries are not simply places to study, read or borrow books they are vital places for socialising. De hecho, Antti Nousjoki, one of Oodis architects, has described the new library as an indoor town square a far cry from the stereotypical view of libraries as stale and silent spaces. [Oodi] has been designed to give citizens and visitors a free space to actively do what they want to do not just be a consumer or a flneur, explains Nousjoki.

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    • A country of readers clockwise: Lohja main library, which was completed in 2005; Vallila library, Helsinki; Aalto University library in Espoo

    Oodi Ode in English is more than a sober monument to civic pride. Commissioned as part of Finlands celebration of a century of independence, the library is no mere book repository. I think Finland could not have given a better gift to the people. It symbolises the significance of learning and education, which have been fundamental factors for Finlands development and success, says Razmyar.

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    • Finnish architect Alvar Aalto designed the Viipuri Library in 1927; this picture is from 1935. Border changes during the second world war mean it is now located in Vyborg, Russia.

    Libraries are seen as the visible face of the Finnish belief in education, equality and good citizenship. Theres strong belief in education for all, says Hanna Harris, director of Archinfo Finland and Mind-buildings commissioner. There is an appreciation of active citizenship the idea that it is something that everyone is entitled to. Libraries embody that strongly, she adds.

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    • Kallio Library was opened in 1912 in the rapidly growing working-class district of Helsinki. Preliminary floor plan by Karl Hard af Segerstad, Helsinki City Architect, en 1909.

    Those feelings of pride in the equality of opportunity offered by the citys new library are echoed by the site chosen for Oodi: directly opposite parliament. I think there is no other actor that could stand in front of the grounds of democracy like the public library does, says Razmyar. Its remarkable that when standing on the open balcony of the library people are looking straight into the parliament and standing on the same level.

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    But Oodi isnt the only Helsinki library to cause excitement. Tl library is one of my favourites, says Harris. Its set in a park and has a rooftop balcony. Recently my colleagues and I went down there and there was a queue outside the doors on a regular weekday morning, there was a queue at 9am to get in.

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    • Maunula House, which contains the local library, adult education centre and youth centre and a door to the supermarket next door

    Perhaps a clue to the Finnish enthusiasm for libraries comes from the fact that they offer far more than books. While many libraries worldwide provide internet access and other services, libraries in cities and towns across Finland have expanded their brief to include lending e-publications, sports equipment, power tools and other items of occasional use. Uno library in Vantaa even offers karaoke.

    These spaces are not designed to be dusty temples to literacy. They are vibrant, well-thought-out spaces actively trying to engage the urban communities who use them. The library in Maunula, a northern Helsinki suburb, has a doorway that leads directly to a supermarket a striking and functional decision which, along with its adult education centre and youth services section, was partly down to the fact that it was designed with input from locals.

    Sobre el autor: http://www.theguardian.com/us